Developing appropriate attachments in pupils with ESBD through collaborative play
Attachment theory is a concept by John Bowlby that theorises the importance of early bonds and nurture for later development. Research towards this project found that crucial neurological connections are not made if a nurturing environment is not provided during early development and that, in later life this can impact on learning due to an inability to complete cognitive learning tasks.
The intervention focused on a group of Year 9 pupils who display insecure attachments alongside their diagnosed learning difficulties. Pupils completed structured, collaborative group play sessions three times per week and weekly one to one sessions over a period of 6 weeks, with a week’s interval half way through. During these sessions pupils were encouraged to display appropriate behaviours and language to show appropriate attachments. The intervention met the Welsh Government priorities of Literacy, Reducing the impact of poverty and Additional Learning Needs.
During the intervention observational data was collected on specially designed forms in order to collect quantitative and qualitative data towards research question 1. Semi-structured interviews were used with pupils and semi-structured questionnaires used with colleagues to gather data related to question 2 and 3.
Data analysis showed some effectiveness as play as a tool for developing appropriate attachments but in order to fully discover its true impact a longer implementation is needed. This was similarly found when the expressive l anguage data was analysed. However behavioural data suggests initial improvements, which gives hope that pupil’s attachments and educational well-being can be enhanced through play.
Age Range (select all that apply) : 7-11, 11-14, 14-16, 16+
Approximate number on roll : 100-300
Region : Wales
School Website : www.ysgolbryncastell.co.uk
Name of person submitting information : Sarah Davies
Role of person submitting information : Other
If other please state job role : Leader of Curricula Innovation